Alexander the Great Biography


Title Desricption
Date of Birth July 356 BC
Birth Place Pella, Greece
Father Name Philip II of Macedon
Mother Name Olympias
Spouse Roxana (m. 327 BC–323 BC), Stateira II (m. 324 BC–323 BC), Parysatis II (m. 324 BC–323 BC)
Died June 323 BC

In Short

Alexander or Alexander was the Greek administrator of the Great. He is also known as Alexandre III and Alexandria Macedonian. He is considered one of the most successful and successful generals in history. By the time of his death, he had won almost half of all the land, whose information was to the ancient Greeks (the truth is that he had won only 5 percent of the earth) [citation needed] And his victory chariot The main role to stop was the King Puru of India (whom the Unani historians addressed to Poros) and the regional warlords of India, who had their own defeat in Alexander's army The fear of India on the back of Ram forced on battered her courage and her return from India. During his tenure he had conquered the territory of Iran, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phineasia, Judea, Gaza, Bactria and Punjab in India (whose king was Puru), but later he returned from fear of the huge army of Magadha. . It is notable that the above areas (Gandhara and Paurav Nation) were then part of the Persian Empire and the Persian empire was 40 times larger than its empire of Sikandar. In Persian, he is known as Eskandar-e-Makduni (Alexander of Alexandria, Escandar's Apchristus Sikandar) and is said to be Alkhi Chandra in Hindi.   At the age of 16, Sikandar returned to the state after learning Aristotle. At the same time, Phillip made war on Byzantium, leaving Sikandar in charge of the state and looking after him. [2] During the absence of Philip, Thracian Madi rebelled against Macedonia. Sikandar immediately expelled him from his area by running a campaign against him. Later in the same area, he established a colony with the Greeks and established a city named Alexandropolis. After returning to Philip, he sent Alexander along with a small contingent to suppress the revolt in Southern Thrace. During the fight against the Greek city of Perindus, Alexander saved his father's life. Still captive in Thrace, Phillippe ordered Alexander to set up an army for a campaign in southern Greece. Other Greek states do not interfere in it; Alexander has shown that he is preparing to attack Iliaria. During this time, Ilariyas attacked Macedonia, which Alexander pushed back. Philip and his army got their son in 338 BC, and they went out to climb the thermopile in the south, where they were captured after the strong resistance of the Thabern army. They went to take control of Ilyaia city, which was located just off Athens and Thibbs. The Ethiopian-led Demosthian decided to combine Thames with Macedonia against Macedonia. Although Philip also sent an envoy to Thieves against Alliance against Athens, Thibbs cooperated with Athens. Philip traveled to Amphissa where he defeated the soldiers of mercenaries sent by Demosthenes and forced the city to surrender. Gave. Philip then returned to Ilyaia, from which he sent the last offer of peace to Athens and Thibbs, both of which rejected. Statue of Alexander in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum Philip traveled south, where his opponents stopped him near Chorionia, Boisia. For the battle of Chironia, Philip ordered the right line and Alexander to take the left row with a group of reliable generals of Philip. According to ancient sources, there was a fight for some time in both sides. Philip deliberately ordered his troops to retreat, so that athenians could be separated from their security ranks by pursuing them, and they could distinguish between them. After Alexander broke the security ranks first, the generals of Philip were behind him, after damaging the harmony of the enemy, Philip ordered his soldiers to move forward and ordered them to besiege. Along with the defeat of Athenians, Thiebians were left alone to fight and were surrounded. Eventually they lost After the victory in the Ch'ronia, Philip and Alexander started moving towards the uncontested Peloponnese, where they were welcomed by all the cities; However, when he reached Sparta, he was denied there, but Philip did not resort to war. In Corinth, Philip established the "Hellenic Alliance" (Greek-Persian Wars as an anti-Persian coalition Based), which included most Greek city-states except Sparta. Philip was named HEGON (supreme commander) in the name of this league, and he announced his plans to attack the Persian empire.

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