Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Biography

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar

Title Desricption
Date of Birth 14 April 1891
Birth Place Dr. Ambedkar Nagar
Father Name Ramji Maloji Sakpal
Mother Name Bhimabai Sakpal
Spouse Ramabai Ambedkar,Savita Ambedkar
Famous As Indian philanthropist
Died 6 December 1956

In Short

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian philanthropist, legalist, economist, politician, and social reformer. He inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination against the untouchables (Dalits). Labor also supported the rights of farmers and women. He was the first law and justice minister of independent India, the father of Indian Constitution and the creator of the Republic of India. Ambedkar was a student of Vipul Pratibha. He received doctoral degrees in economics from both Columbia University and London School of Economics and did research work in law, economics and political science. In the early part of his career, he was a professor of economics and advocated and later The life of more is spent in political activities. Ambedkar then joined the campaign and discussion for the independence of India and advocated for publishing magazines, advocating political rights and advocating social freedom for the Dalits and making them India's important contribution. In 1956, he adopted Buddhism. In 1990, he was honored posthumously with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor. On April 14, his birth anniversary, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated as a festival in India, including India. Ambedkar's legacy includes many memorials and illustrations in popular culture. Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891 in the Mahu Nagar Military Cantonment, located in the Indian province of Madhya Pradesh (now Madhya Pradesh). He was the 14th and last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai. His family believed Kabir sect of Marathi religion And he was a resident of Ambedwe village in present day Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. They belonged to the Hindu Mahar caste, which was then called untouchable, and due to this they were There had to be a serious discrimination in the world of economic and economic. Bhimrao Ambedkar's ancestors had been working for a long time in the army of the British East India Company and his father Ramji Sakpal, serving in the Indian army's Mahu Cantonment, and working here, he reached the post of subedar. He received formal education in Marathi and English. Bheema was facing social resistance due to his caste. Despite being able to study in school, the student Bhimrao had to face many difficulties due to untouchability. Ramji Ambedkar remarried Jijabai in 1898. On November 7, 1900, Ramji Sakpal recorded his son Bhimrao's name, Bhiva Ramji Amandavkar in Governamant High School of Satara. Bhika was the name of his childhood. Ambedkar's original nickname was written by Ambedkar instead of Sakpal, which was related to his Ambedwe village. Because the people of Konkan region kept their surname in the name of the village, hence Ambeddek was registered with Ambedkar in Ambedwe village of Ambedkar. Later, a Devrukhe Brahman teacher Krishna Mahadev Ambedkar, who had a special affection for him, removed 'Ambedkar' by his name and added his simple 'Ambedkar' surname. [15] From then on till now he is known as Ambedkar. Ramabai Ambedkar, Ambedkar's wife Ramji came along with Sakpal family to Bombay (now Mumbai). In April 1906, when Bhimrao was about 15 years old, he was married to Ramabai, a nine-year-old girl. Then they were studying the fifth English class. In those days child marriage was prevalent in India. Ambedkar entered the first class of English on 7th November, 1900 in Governamant High School (now Pratapsingh High School) located at Rajwada Chowk in Satara city on 7th November 1900. Since this day his educational life had started, hence on November 7, Maharashtra is celebrated as a student day. At that time he was called 'Bhiwah'. At that time, in the school, 'Bhiva Ramji Ambedkar', his name was marked in the presence of Panjika No. 1, 1914. When he passed the English fourth grade examination, because it was unusual in the untouchables, this success of Bhimrao was celebrated between the untouchables and the public celebration, and his family's friend and writer Dada Keluskar himself wrote 'Buddha' The biography of '' was presented to him. After reading this, he was first impressed by Gautam Buddha and Buddhism and his education. In 1897, Ambedkar's family moved to Mumbai where he received further education at the Government High School located on Elphinstone Road. In 1907, he passed his matriculation examination and the following year he entered Elphinstone College, which was affiliated with the University of Bombay. He was the first person from his community to receive education at this level. By 1912, he obtained the Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Economics and Political Science from Bombay University and started working with the State Government of Baroda. His wife had just moved to his new family and started work when he had to return to Mumbai to see his sick father, who died on 2 February 1913. In 1913, Ambedkar moved to the United States at the age of 22, where he provided 11.50 years of three years to provide postgraduate education opportunities at Columbia University, New York City, under a scheme established by Sayajirao Gaikwad III (Gaakwad of Baroda). Dollar was granted scholarship of Baroda State per month. Immediately after reaching there, he settled with Parsi friend Naval Bhatna in Livingston Hall. In June 1915, he passed his Master of Arts (MA) examination, in which subject matter of economics, and sociology, history, philosophy and human science were the other subjects. He presented research work on the subject of Ancient Indian Commerce for Post Graduate. Ambedkar was influenced by John Davy and his work on democracy. In 1916, he was given a second art postgraduate for his second research work, National Dividend of India - A Historic and Analytical Study, and eventually he went to London. In 1916, in his third research work, Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India, he obtained PhD in Economics, after publishing his research work, was awarded PhD officially in 1927. On May 9, he organized by anthropologist Alexander Goldenveiser In one seminar, caste in India: presented a research paper named his system, Origin and Development, which was his first ??????? ???? ??. He used the scholarship for a period of up to 3 years in completing his course in America in just two years and in 1916 he went to London. Post Graduate Studies in London School of Economics Ambedkar with his professors and friends of the London School of Economics (in the center line, before the right), 1916-17 Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar as a barrister in 1922 In October 1916, he went to London and there he took admission for the Barrister Course (Law Study) in Gray's Inn, and also joined the London School of Economics, where he started working on the doctoral thesis of economics. In June 1917, he was forced to leave his studies temporarily in the middle and returned to India because his scholarship had ended with the state of Baroda. While returning, his book collection was sent on a ship separated from the ship which was submerged by the torpedo of the German submarine. This was the period of World War I. He got permission to return to London for his thesis within four years. Working as the army secretary of the state of Baroda, Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was disappointed with the sudden reunion in his life and left his job and started working as a personal tutor and accountant. Even he started his consulting business which failed due to his social status. Due to Lord Sidenem, former British governor of his own, he got a job as a professor of political economy at the Sydney University College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. In the year 2020, Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur, in collaboration with his Parsi Friend and with the help of some personal savings, once again succeeded in returning to England, and obtained the Science Postgraduate (M.Sc.) in 1921, for which he called 'Provincial Dissertation of Imperial Finance in British India (Provincial Decentralization of Imperial Economy in British India) was discovered .1922 In them, Gray's Inn provided a Barrister-at-Lodge degree and got admission in the British Bar as a Barrister.  

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