Nelson Mandela Biography

Nelson Mandela

Title Desricption
Date of Birth 18 July 1918
Birth Place Mvezo, South Africa
Father Name Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa
Mother Name Noqaphi Nosekeni
Spouse Graça Machel (m. 1998–2013), Winnie Mandela (m. 1958–1996), Evelyn Mase (m. 1944–1958) Books
Famous As South African President
Awards Novel Peace Prize (1993), Bharat Ratna (1990), presidental medal of Freedom (2002), Gandhi Peace Prize (2001)
Died 5 December 2013, Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, South Africa

In Short

Nelson Rolihlla Mandela was South Africa's first black former president. Prior to becoming President, he was president of the African National Congress and its armed group Umkhonto Sijwe, who opposed the apartheid from centuries in South Africa. Due to anti-apartheid conflict, he spent 27 years in the prison in Robben Island where he had to work as a coal miner. After an agreement with the White Government in 1990, they created new South Africa. They became the symbol of resistance to apartheid in South Africa and throughout the world. The United Nations decided to celebrate his birthday as Nelson Mandela International Day. Early life Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in Muezzo, Eastern Cape, South African Union, Gedla Henri Mfakenisova and his third wife Necuzzi Noskney. He was the third of his 13 brothers in his mother Noskeni's first and father's offspring. Mandela's father, Henry Muezzo, was tribal leader of the town. In the local language, Sardar's son was called Mandela, from which he got his surname. His father named him 'Rollihala' first name, which means "rowdy" in search. His mother was a Methodist. Mandela completed his early education from the Clarkbury Missionary School. After that, school education took place from Methodist Missionary School. Mandela died when his father was 12 years old. Political struggle Postcards issued on Nelson Mandela in Soviet Union In 1941, Mandela moved to Johannesburg, where he met Walter Sisulu and Walter Albertine. Both of them have politically influenced Mandela very much. For life he became a clerk in a legal firm, but his activism gradually increased in politics. He stepped into politics to remove discrimination on the basis of color. In 1944, he joined the African National Congress, which had organized a movement against apartheid. In the same year he joined with his friends and colleagues to establish the African National Congress Youth League. In 1947, he was elected the secretary of the league. In 1961, Mandela and some of his friends were prosecuted for treason, but they were treated as innocent. On August 5, 1962, he was arrested on charges of seducing workers and leaving the country without permission. They were sued and sentenced to life imprisonment on July 12, 1964. For punishment, he was sent to the Robben Island jail, but his passion did not diminish even with conviction. He also started mobilizing black prisoners in jail. After spending 27 years in jail, he was finally released on February 11, 1990. After release, they established the foundation of a democratic and multi-ethnic Africa by the policy of agreement and peace. In South Africa in 1994, non-apartheid elections were held. African National Congress secured 62 percent of the vote and with its majority it became the government. On May 10, 1994 Mandela became the first black president of his country. The new Constitution of South Africa was ratified by Parliament in May 1996 under which many institutions were established to investigate political and administrative rights. In 1997, he separated from active politics, and two years later he also left the post of Congress-President in 1999. [3] thinking Nelson Mandela was very supportive of non-violent paths like Mahatma Gandhi. He considered Gandhi as a source of inspiration and learned from him the lesson of non-violence. personal life Mandela had three weddings from whom she had six children. He had 17 grandchildren in his family. [4] In October 1944, he married Evelyn Mess, sister of his friend and associate Walter Sisulu. In 1961, Mandela was prosecuted for sedition, but he found the court innocent. During his trial, he met his second wife, Nomjamo Vinnie Medikijala. On his 80th birthday in 1998, he married Grace Mcleal. The death Due to the transition to the lungs on December 5, 2013, Mandela died in his house located in Houghton, Johannesburg. At the time of his death, he was 95 years old and his whole family was with him. His death was announced by President Jakub Zuma. Awards and honors Nelson Mandela Bridge located in Johannesburg The people of South Africa considered Mandela a broader "Father of the Nation" He was seen as the "first founder of democracy", "national liberator and savior." [8] Mandela's statue was established at Sandton Square Shopping Center, located in Johannesburg in 2004, and changed the name of the center to Nelson Mandela Square. Gaya. In South Africa, they are often called Madiba, which is an honorable word for the elderly. In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared their birthday (July 18) as Mandela Day in honor of their contributions to the anti-apartheid conflict. For 67 years, to celebrate Mandela's movement, 67% of the people from 24 hours of the day were urged to donate in helping others. Mandela was invited by various countries and institutions of the world

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